Returning the Buffalo to the Black Hills
Various historical records state the last remaining buffalo were killed in the Black Hills in the 1870s. When Wind Cave National Park was established in 1903 the buffalo were missing. The eastern elk were extinct and the prairie dogs, which had extended for hundreds of miles, were only a vague memory.
In 1913 fourteen buffalo were shipped from the New York Zoo to the Black Hills where they were reintroduced. For the past 100 years buffalo, prairie grasses, antelope, ferrets, and prairie dogs have been managed by man.
At one time over 125 million buffalo roamed freely over the great plains. Records show only 15,000 buffalo are considered wild bison in the natural range within North America today.
be strong, be safe, Carlan